تاثیرآموزش احیا قلبی-ریوی به روش آموزش مانکن و فیلم آموزشی بر آگاهی کارکنان دانشگاه شاهد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه بهداشت و پزشکی اجتماعی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: زمان برای نجات جان فردی که دچار ایست قلبی-ریوی شده، از اهمیت ویژه ای برخوردار است.  هدف از مطالعه حاضر مقایسه تاثیر آموزش احیا قلبی-ریوی به روش آموزش مانکن و فیلم آموزشی بر آگاهی کارکنان دانشگاه شاهد می باشد.
مواد و روش ها: این مطالعه ی نیمه تجربی در سال 1400 و روی 60 نفر از کارکنان دانشگاه شاهد انجام شد. در دو گروه 30 نفری آموزش از طریق فیلم و از طریق مانکن انجام گرفت.  ارزیابی دانش افراد پژوهش با پرسشنامه محقق ساخته که اعتبار و پایایی آن سنجیده شده بود انجام شد. داده ها با استفاده از آمارتوصیفی و تحلیلی، تی مستقل و تی زوجی در نرم افزار SPSS v 18 تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
نتایج: میانگین نمره آگاهی قبل و بعد از آموزش در گروه فیلم آموزشی به ترتیب 55/17±02/48 و 10/9±48/57 بود. میانگین نمره آگاهی قبل و بعد از آموزش در گروه مانکن به ترتیب 11/18±24/ 46 و 03/13 ±03/66 بود. با توجه به نتایج ازمون تی زوجی بین میانگین نمره آگاهی قبل و بعد از هر دو آموزش در جمعیت مورد مطالعه اختلاف معنادار آماری مشاهده شد . آزمون تی مستقل بین میانگین نمره آگاهی در پس آزمون دو گروه  تفاوت آماری معنادار را نشان داد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد که آموزش با مانکن و  فیلم آموزشی می تواند آگاهی کارکنان نسبت به احیای قلبی-ریوی را افزایش دهد و آموزش عملی از طریق مانکن اثر بیشتری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training by mannequin training method and educational video on the awareness of Shahed University staff

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Shabannia
  • Ashraf Pirasteh
  • zahra jouhari
Department of Health and Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Objective: Time is of the essence to save the life of a person with cardiopulmonary arrest. Therefore, this study was designed and conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training using mannequin training and educational video on the awareness of control university staff..
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2021 on 60 employees of Shahed University. Training in two groups of 30 people was done through videos and mannequins. To assess the knowledge of participants, a researcher-made questionnaire which its validity and reliability were measured before, was used. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics, independent t-test and paired t-test in SPSS v 18 software.
Results: The mean score of knowledge before and after training in the educational film group was 48.02±17.55 and 57.48±9.10, respectively. The mean score of knowledge before and after training in the mannequin group was 46.24±18.11 and 66.03±13.03, respectively. According to the results of paired t-test, there was a statistically significant difference between the mean score of knowledge before and after training in the study population in both groups. Also, comparing the mean score of knowledge after training between the two groups of educational videos and mannequins showed a statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: The result showed that both mannequin training and video training can increase staff awareness of CPR and practical training through mannequins is more effective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Training
  • mannequins
  • training videos
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