تاثیر تمرینات مقاومتی کل بدن و مکمل دهی قره قات بر ترکیب بدن و پروتئین واکنشگر C در زنان چاق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساوه، ساوه، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: چاقی و سطوح بالای مارکر های التهابی با افزایش خطر بیماری های مزمن همچون دیابت نوع 2 و بیماری قلبی عروقی ارتباط دارند.  هدف این مطالعه بررسی تاثیر تمرینات مقاومتی کل بدن و مکمل دهی قره قات بر برخی شاخص های ترکیب بدن و سطح سرمی پروتئین واکنشگر  Cدر زنان چاق بود.
مواد و روش ها: در این مطالعه نیمه تجربی 52 زن غیر فعال با میانگین سن 9/4±1/39 سال و شاخص توده بدن 1/3±76/33 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع تصادفی در چهار گروه تمرین، مکمل، تمرین+مکمل و کنترل قرار گرفتند. افراد گرو های تمرین و تمرین+مکمل به مدت 8 هفته در یک برنامه تمرینات مقاومتی کل بدن شرکت کردند. افراد گرو های مکمل و تمرین+مکمل روزانه دو عدد کپسول 500 میلی گرمی مکمل قره قات مصرف کردند. قبل و بعد از 8 هفته مداخله، سطح سرمی پروتئین واکنشگر  C، وزن، نمایه توده بدن، دور شکم و درصد چربی بدن ارزیابی شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس انجام شد. 
نتایج: پس از مداخله، وزن، نمایه توده بدن، دور شکم و درصد چربی بدن در گرو ه های تمرین و تمرین+مکمل نسبت به گروه کنترل به طور معنی داری کاهش یافتند (05/0˂p). سطح سرمی پروتئین واکنشگر C بین گروه ها تفاوت معنی داری نداشت (05/0˃p). 
نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می رسد تمرینات مقاومتی کل بدن به تنهایی یا همراه با مصرف مکمل    قره قات می تواند موجب بهبود ترکیب بدن در زنان چاق شود، با این حال ممکن است به تغییر سطح سرمی پروتئین واکنشگر C منجر نشود.     

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of total body resistance exercise and Vaccinium arctostaphylos supplementation on body composition and C-reactive protein in obese women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Irani
  • Davood Khorshidi
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Humanities, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Objective: Obesity and elevated levels of inflammatory markers are associated with increased risk of chronic diseases such as type2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of total body resistance exercise and Vaccinium arctostaphylos supplementation on body composition and C-reactive protein in obese women.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 52 sedentary women with the mean age of 39.1±4.9 years and body mass index of 33.7±3.1 kg/m2 were randomly divided into four groups: training, supplement, training + supplement and control. Subjects of training and training + supplement groups underwent total body resistance exercise for eight weeks. Supplement and training + supplement groups consumed capsules containing 500 mg of  Vaccinium arctostaphylos twice daily. Weight, body mass index, abdominal circumference, percentage of body fat and serum level of C-reactive protein was measured at the beginning and after eight weeks intervention. Data were analyzed by analysis of 
Results: Weight, body mass index, abdominal circumference and percentage of body fat decreased significantly in training and training + supplement groups compared to control groups after the intervention (P˂0.05). Serum C-reactive protein level was not significantly different among four groups (P˃0.05).   
Conclusion: It seems that total body resistance exercise alone or combined with Vaccinium arctostaphylos supplements can improve body composition in obese women; however it may not lead to changes in C-reactive protein level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Total body resistance exercise
  • Vaccinium arctostaphylos
  • Obesity
  • C-Reactive protein
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