مقایسه اثر تمرین هوازی و مقاومتی بر پپتید شبه گلوکاگن-1 و مقاومت به انسولین در زنان چاق مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از انجام تحقیق حاضر مقایسه اثر تمرین هوازی و مقاومتی بر GLP-1 و مقاومت به انسولین در زنان چاق مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2 بود.
مواد و روش ها: 30 زن دیابتی 35-50 ساله عضو انجمن دیابتی شهرستان ساوه به شرط رعایت شرایط ورود و خروج به تحقیق بطور داوطلب به عنوان نمونه در تحقیق حاضر شرکت کرده و بطور تصادفی به سه گروه کنترل (10 نفر) و تمرین هوازی (10 نفر) و تمرین مقاومتی (10) تقسیم شدند. 24 ساعت قبل از شروع پروتکل تمرین، ویژگی های فردی و نمونه گیری خونی در پیش‌آزمون اندازه گیری شد. سپس گروه های تمرین هوازی و تمرین مقاومتی به مدت 8 هفته، 3 جلسه در هفته و هر جلسه 45 تا 60 دقیقه برنامه تمرینی مربوط به خود را انجام دادند. پس از گذشت 8 هفته و 24 ساعت پس از آخرین جلسه تمرین مجدداً ویژگی های فردی و نمونه گیری خونی اندازه گیری شدند. داده ها با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه در سطح p نتایج: تحقیق حاضر نشان داد بین تأثیر دو روش تمرین بر مقاومت به انسولین تفاوت معنی داری وجود ندارد (P=0.922) اما بین تأثیر دو روش تمرین بر مقادیر GLP-1 تفاوت معنی داری وجود دارد (P=0.001).
نتیجه‌گیری: تمرینات هوازی و مقاومتی بتوانند با افزایش GLP-1 باعث کاهش اشتها و کنترل وزن در زنان چاق مبتلا به دیابت نوع دو شود. همچنین به نظر می رسد تمرین هوازی نسبت به تمرین مقاومتی تأثیر بیشتری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the effect of aerobic and resistance training on glucagon-like peptide-1 and insulin resistance in obese women with type 2 diabetes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeideh Tabibirad
  • Hosein Aabednatanzi
  • Hojatallah Nik bakht
  • Farshad Ghazalian
  • Mandana Gholami
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of aerobic and endurance training on GLP-1 and insulin resistance in obese women with type 2 diabetes.
Materials and Methods: Thirty diabetic women aged 35-50 years, members of Saveh Diabetes Association, voluntarily participated in the present study and randomly divided into three groups of control (n=10), aerobic exercise (n=10) and resistance training (n=10). 24 hours before the start of the exercise protocol, individual characteristics and blood sampling were measured in the pre-test. Then the aerobic and resistance training groups performed their own training program for eight weeks (3 sessions per week and each session lasted 45-60 minutes). After eight weeks and 24 hours after the last training session individual data and blood samples were measured and analyzed using one-way ANOVA at p < 0.05.
Results: The present study showed no significant difference between the effects of the two training methods on insulin resistance (P=0.922), but there was a significant difference between the effects of the two training methods on GLP-1 values (P=0.001).
Conclusion: Aerobic and resistance training can decrease appetite and weight control in obese women with type 2 diabetes by increasing     GLP-1. Aerobic training also seems to be more effective than resistance training.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aerobic training
  • Resistance training
  • Obese women
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • GLP-1
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