1 دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران
2 گروه پزشکی اجتماعی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران
3 گروه زنان-زایمان، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Objective: Psychiatric disorders such as depression during pregnancy are associated with poor delivery and infant outcome. Typically, at least one evaluation is recommended for depression and anxiety and attention to mental health during pregnancy. The definition of health in the World Health Organization currently includes three areas: physical, mental and society. Various studies have shown the effect of spiritual health and spirituality on mental health. Moreover, so far, no significant studies have been done on spiritual health and depression in pregnancy. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual health and depression in pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 189 pregnant women who referred to Mostafa Khomeini hospital in Tehran in 2018. The data were collected by Dr. Azizi's Spiritual Health Questionnaire, Edinburgh Depression Inventory and Demographic Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical tests in SPSS software.
Results: The frequency of depression with an average score of 7.69 was 73.3%. The average score of spiritual health was 21.49% and 85.9% of cases had a high spiritual health level. There was no statistically significant relationship between spiritual health and depression (p = 0.215).
Conclusion: High prevalence of depression during pregnancy indicates more attention for screening and identification of risk factors for depression in pregnancy.