عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background & Objective : Enuresis is the most common children disease second to allergic disease. This is international health problem and should be approached seriously. Although several factors involved for it, its' clear cause has not been determined. Several studies have demonstrated that Enuresis manifest it self with many behavioral and psychological disorder. It is considered as a disaster for the family. So, the survey of the affected children is of high importance and identifying factors related to Enuresis can clear the way for taking appropriate measure to solve this problem. In this regard, the survey was carried out to determine the factors related to Enuresis in children aged 6-12 years in Yazd city. Materials & Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 501 subjects assigned to experimental and control groups. After random sampling primary schools of Yazd city, experimental group were selected from children aged 6-12 years who were available in the primary school in Yazd, and the subjects in the control group were 251 healthy children with the same age and sex as the experimental subjects. The data were collected through interviewing the parent's of children, using questionnaire including personal and familial particulars, anxiety and depression in children based on diagnostic criteria DSM-IV. Results: The results of study showed, there was a correlation between positive family history (p < 0.001), urinary tract infection history (p < 0.001), depression (p < 0.001), familial problem (p < 0.001), family size (p < 0.048) educational state of parents (p < 0.001), and enuresis which was statistically significant. Also the result of study showed that 85.1% and 55.1% of children suffered from nocturnal primary Enuresis and 60.8% of the parents received no medical advice. Conclusion: It seems necessary to take extensive and effective measures to control factors which effect enuresis. Increasing knowledge and consultation for families and control of their psychosocial problem is mandatory.