The effect of 8 weeks of selected central stabilization exercises with vitamin D consumption on the quality of life and mental health of women with non-specific chronic back pain

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Qaemshahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahar, Iran


Background and Objective: According to evidence, sports activities and vitamin D, in addition to their role in developing physical health, have a considerable impact on cognitive, behavioral and mood disorders. In the present study, the effectiveness of core stabilization exercises and vitamin D consumption on quality of life (QL) and mental health (MH) of women with chronic low back pain was investigated.
Materials and Methods: This clinical trial study was performed on women with chronic low back pain. First, 48 patients were selected by available sampling method, then randomly divided into 4 groups: control, exercise, vitamin D and combined (exercise+vitamin D). Core stabilization exercises were performed by training and combined groups for 8 weeks, and vitamin D and combined groups took vitamin D (50,000 IU) weekly. SF-36 QL and general health (GHQ) questionnaires were used to collect data. Data analysis was performed using paired t-test and  one-way analysis of variance at a significance level of P< 0.05.
Results: Vitamin D levels were lower than normal in all subjects. The QL and MH of women with low back pain improved after exercise, vitamin D intake, and combined intervention. The combined intervention was associated with a greater increase in QL compared to the other two therapeutic interventions and the development of MH compared to vitamin D intake.
Conclusion: It seems that therapies using core stabilization exercises, vitamin D intake or combination intervention can help people with low back pain and low levels of vitamin D in improving QL and MH.


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