Author Instruction



Daneshvar Medicine: Basic and Clinical Research Journal

Daneshvar Medicine: Basic and Clinical Research Journal is the official scientific bimonthly publication of the Shahed University, publishing Original Paper, Case Report (in few instances and according to significance of the topic) and Review (under the request of editorial board members) article in basic and clinical fields of medicine. Manuscript must be accompanied by a cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief, including title and author(s) name and undertaking that it has not been published or submitted elsewhere. In case the manuscript was earlier submitted to some other Journal and was rejected, the authors must provide full information for proper review process.

Authorship is based on the following four criteria

Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work 

Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content

Final approval of the version to be published

Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved

In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors

The order in which the names of authors are represented in the publishing paper is an exact match to the one presented by the authors in their copyright form

The individuals who conduct the work are responsible for identifying who meets these criteria and ideally should do so when planning the work, making modifications as appropriate as the work progresses

When a large multi-author group has conducted the work, the group ideally should decide who will be an author before the work is started and confirm who is an author before submitting the manuscript for publication. All members of the group named as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, including approval of the final manuscript, and they should be able to take public responsibility for the work and should have full confidence in the accuracy and integrity of the work of other group authors

Authorship disputes if they cannot be resolved amongst authors, should be brought up to the relevant institutional authority

Any further contribution details (e.g., equal contribution) must be included in the contributors or acknowledgment sections at the end of the article

The corresponding author is the one who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during the manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process, and typically ensures that all the journal's administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, clinical trial registration documentation, and gathering conflict of interest forms and statements, are properly completed, although these duties may be delegated to one or more co-authors

To name the institutions or organizations not contributing to the process of the research is against the publication ethics

When the journal gets suspicious whether there is a ghostwriter or not, documents must be asked from the corresponding author. The corresponding author must provide the documents needed and if he or she fails, not only the manuscript will not be published or if published will be retracted, but also the matter will be brought up to the authorities

Article style

Manuscripts must be in concise and correct Farsi, and typewritten with double-spacing, with 2.5 cm page margins in Microsoft Word 2003 (or higher versions). They should be double-checked for typing, spelling and grammar before they are submitted. All pages should be numbered consecutively, starting with the Abstract as page 1. For more information please see the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, prepared by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.


Manuscripts should be organized in the following order :

Title page: This should include:

  • Title of the paper which should be concise and clear, and should not contain any abbreviations
  • A running title not exceeding 40 characters
  • Authors (full first, middle and surnames)
  • Each author’s affiliation
  • E-mail of the corresponding author


Abstract: All original articles must accompany a structured abstract up to 250 words. It should be structured as :

      • Background
      • Objective
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results
      • Conclusion 
      • 3 to 5 Key words (Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of Pubmed or Index Medicus)


Introduction: This should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study.


Materials & Methods: This should include exact method or observation or experiment. If an device is used, its manufacturer’s name and address should be given in parenthesis. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given. For patients, age, sex, etc. must be given. Statistical method must be mentioned and specify any general computer program used.


Results: It must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.


Tables: In limited numbers should be submitted with the captions placed above. Do not submit tables as photograph. Place explanatory matters in footnotes, not in the heading.


Figures: Should be in limited numbers, with high quality art work and mounted on separate pages. The captions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in tables, figures and text, simultaneously.


Discussion: This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other researchers. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them.


Acknowledgement: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in the acknowledgement section. It should include persons who provided technical help, assistance in writing. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.


Conflicts of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it.



Number the references consecutively in the order they appear for the first time in the text. References that are cited in table or figure texts should be numbered in accordance with the first appearance of the table or figure in question. References in the text must be cited with the appropriate number in square bracket. In case of more than one reference in one square bracket, the numbers must be separated by a comma, e.g. (3, 4, 8); In case of more than two consecutive reference numbers, use hyphen, e.g. (6-9); Avoid abstracts and meeting proceedings as references; unpublished observations and personal communications must not be used as references. Accepted manuscripts that have not yet been published may appear in the reference list. Indicate journal name and year in question followed by "in press" in brackets. Articles published online are identified by their DOI (Digital Object Identifier System). Electronic material is cited like other literature. References should contain the names and initials of the first six authors only, followed by et al. if necessary, along with the complete title of the work, the abbreviated journal title, the year, volume number, and inclusive page numbers. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the system used in Index Medicus (Pubmed Service "Journals Database").


Examples of the reference format are shown below:

Journal article

Vergara-Moragues E, González-Saiz F. Predictive outcome validity of general health questionnaire (ghq-28) in substance abuse patients treated in therapeutic communities. Journal of  Dual Diagnosis 2020;16(2):218-27.


Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Book chapter

Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995: p.465-78.