The interaction effect between “Self-Compassion” and “Rumination” of depressed patients in “Compassion Focused Therapy”



 Background and Objective: The history of psychology is full of concepts evolved to
upgrade and improve therapies and mental health. The Compassionate Focused Therapy
(CFT) model is rooted in the concept of self-compassion in modern psychology.
The purpose of this research is to study the effectiveness of CFT on
depression, anxiety, and rumination of depressed patients according to their
self-compassion trait. Materials and Methods: This
study is designed as experimental pretest-posttest with an equivalent control
group. Nineteen depressed patients with available sampling were selected from a
psychiatric clinic and randomly divided into two groups. The experiment group
participated in 12 sessions of Compassion Focused Group therapy (CFT). All
participants were assessed by Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Anxiety
Scale (AS), Rumination Scale and Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) at the beginning,
final session and two month after the intervention (follow-up study). Data were
analysis by ANOVA and independent samples t-test with SPSS 18.   Results: According to data
analysis, depression and anxiety of the experiment group significantly
decreased in the follow-up study (p < 0.05).
In addition, the interaction between intervention and self-compassion was
significant on the rumination.   Conclusion:
study showed that CFT could be an effective therapy on depression and anxiety
of depressed patients. In addition, people who had higher levels of
self-compassion benefited more from our intervention and their rumination
decreased. On the other hand, people who had lower level of self-compassion
experienced increased rumination.