Volume 16, Issue 1 (7-2009)                   DMed 2009, 16(1): 45-54 | Back to browse issues page

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kiani asiabar A, heidari M, mohammadi tabar S, faghihzadeh S. Prevalence, Signs, Symptoms and Predisposing Factors of Premenstrual Syndromes in Employed Women. DMed. 2009; 16 (1) :45-54
URL: http://daneshvarmed.shahed.ac.ir/article-1-59-en.html
, kiani@shahed.ac.ir
Abstract:   (19949 Views)

  Background: The premenstrual syndrome happens as a periodic returning of injuring alterations in physics, behavior or psychology during luteal phase of menstruation. Regarding the high prevalence of the syndrome and many diverse producing agents and lack of pertinent information in women employees in factories this survey had been done.

  Materials and Methods: The cross sectional study was performed on 476 employed women .signs and symptoms of PMS regarding 11 agents of DSM-IV in references were gathered in two stages through interview. Pertaining factors included age, education, BMI, occupational rank, daytime hours of labor, painful menstruation, quantity of menstrual bleeding, severity of menstrual pain, exercise and marriage. Prevalence of PMS ascertained and relating factors were judged using Chi square test.

  Results: Among 476 employed women ages 31±8.28 who were studied on PMS percentage was %7.67. % 27.6 of them were moderate to severe PMS. The most common indicator of PMS were physical signs (%87.2) fatigue and significant reduction of energy (%73.1) and anxiety, stress, agitation, restlessness(%66.6) respectively. Menstrual status, increasing age, marriage, BMI, lack of regular exercise, low rank job were the predisposing factors in PMS (p<0.05). A significant correlation found between sexual desire and PMS (p<0.05).

  Conclusion: Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome in sample community is high and warring. Regarding the known consequences of that. Necessary efforts for its reduction is recommended.


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