Volume 15, Number 72 (1-2008)                   daneshvarmed 2008, 15(72): 7-12 | Back to browse issues page


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Davati A, Moradi Lakeh M, Forghani H, Moosavi S T. Sun Protective Behaviors in Iranian Women and Their Related Factors. daneshvarmed. 2008; 15 (72) :7-12
URL: http://daneshvarmed.shahed.ac.ir/article-1-408-en.html

Assistant professor Dept. of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University
Abstract:   (11498 Views)

 Background: Skin cancers are the most prevalent malignancies in Iran and sun protection behaviors are the most effective intervention to prevent it. In this study we assess prevalence of sun protective behaviors and related factors, in married women of Yazd city (the center of Yazd province).

 Materials and Methods: In this cross- sectional study, Health Belief Model (HBM) was used in order to assess the related factors to sun protective behaviors. Sampling method was cluster random. Data gathering tool was a questionnaire which has been designed by researchers. The behaviors which considered in this study include: using of sunscreens, physical barriers or sunglass, outdoor staying time limitation and shadow walking during maximum sun light.

 Results: Prevalence was of shadow walking 94 percent, outdoor staying time limitation was 53 percent, using of sunscreen 15.8 percent, using of sunglass 11.6 percent and using of physical barriers was 3.4 percent. Results of multivariate analysis showed: sunscreen using behavior had correlation with perceived benefit of behavior (OR= 7.8, CI 95%: 3.6-17.0) and direct physician advice (OR=1.8CI 95%: 1.2-2.6). Outdoor staying time limitation behavior had correlation with perceived benefit of behavior (OR=1.53, CI 95%: 1.17-2.0). Having higher income (OR=2.5CI 95%: 1.3-35.9), perceived susceptibility (OR= 2.3, CI 95percent: 1.1-5.4) and cultural believes (OR=0. 3 CI 95%: 0. 2-0.44) had correlation with using physical barriers. Using of sunglass had significant correlation with perceived benefit. Behavior of shadow walking had no correlation with perceived susceptibility, severity or benefit. Sun protective behaviors have greatly related to perceived benefit and perceived susceptibility.

 Conclusion: Improvement of these behaviors has most effects if conjoined with a supporting environment.

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Type of Study: Research |

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