Volume 18, Issue 3 (9-2011)                   DMed 2011, 18(3): 9-16 | Back to browse issues page

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Modarres M, Afrasiabi S, Montazeri A, Rahnama P. Relationship between cesarean section and vaginal delivery with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth in Bushehr. DMed. 2011; 18 (3) :9-16
URL: http://daneshvarmed.shahed.ac.ir/article-1-348-en.html
, prahnama@shahed.ac.ir
Abstract:   (9131 Views)

Background and Objective: Recent research suggests that a proportion of women may develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth. This study aimed to test relationship between cesarean section and vaginal delivery with PTSD after childbirth in Bushehr.


Materials and Methods: This study was an analytic cross-sectional one. Participants were recruited from post-partum women who attended health medical centers in Bushehr (n = 400) and for women with traumatic delivery completed posttraumatic symptoms scale-I (PSS-I) and reproductive questionnaire. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression.


Results: Women with PTSD had higher odds ratio for emergency cesarean section (Odds ratio = 3.55, CI=1.69-8.07) and insufficiency income (Odds ratio=4.50, CI=1.71-11.84). Duration of labor lower than 3 hours (Odds ratio=0.15, CI=0.04-0.55) and higher education level (Odds ratio=0.15, CI=0.04-8.58) were associated with significantly decreased risk for PTSD.


Conclusion: Interventions aimed at reducing the incidence of PTSD after childbirth needs further research but it seems that consultation about decreased cesarean section during prenatal care is useful.

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