Volume 18, Number 90 (1-2011)                   daneshvarmed 2011, 18(90): 51-58 | Back to browse issues page


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Rahimpour M, Karami M, Jalali Nadoushan M. Role of CeA nitric oxide on expression of morphine reward behavior in the rat. daneshvarmed. 2011; 18 (90) :51-58
URL: http://daneshvarmed.shahed.ac.ir/article-1-200-en.html

Assistant Professor Department of Biology, ّFaculty of Basic Sciences, Shahed University
Abstract:   (20336 Views)

Background and Objective: Naloxone shows interaction with the morphine in expression of reward behaviors. L-arginine increases morphine induced conditioned place preference, whereas L-NAME decreases this process. In this project, effects of injections of L-arginine and L-NAME intra-CeA on morphine induced drug-seeking behaviors including rearing, sniffing and compartment entering were investigated.

 

Materials and Methods: Animals (male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g) were cannulated bilaterally by stereotaxis apparatus for the CeA coordinates and passed a recovery period lasting one week. Conditioned place preference was conducted using a five-day schedule of an unbiased procedure including three phases (pre-conditioning, conditioning, and test). Morphine was injected subcutaneously through the conditioning once a day. NO agents were intra-nucleus injected but the administration of naloxone was intraperitoneally 10 min prior to testing.

 

Results: morphine (2.5-10 mg/kg s.c) induced a significant decrease in drug-seeking behaviors compared with the control group. Naloxone (0.1-0.4 mg/kg i.p) potentiated the morphine-induced responses. When L-arginine (0.3-3 µg/rat) injected intra–CeA before injection of naloxone (0.4 mg/kg) pre-testing showed a significant increase effect on the behaviors but injection of L-NAME (0.3-3 µg/rat) intra–CeA prior to L-arginine (0.3 µg/rat) pre-testing blocked the response to L-arginine.

Conclusion: Naloxone, an opioid receptor agonist, competes with morphine in inducing the behaviors in the conditioning model and NO in the CeA shows interaction with morphine in expressing these effects. Present finding may confirm that there is an interaction between NO in the CeA and morphine in expressing the drug-seeking behaviors.

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Type of Study: Research |

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