Volume 19, Issue 97 (3-2012)                   Daneshvar Medicine 2012, 19(97): 51-60 | Back to browse issues page

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Roghani M, Baluchnejadmojarad T. The effect of curcumin on short-term spatial memory and passive avoidance learning and memory in diabetic rats and evaluation of the role of lipid peroxidation. Daneshvar Medicine. 2012; 19 (97) :51-60
URL: http://daneshvarmed.shahed.ac.ir/article-1-485-en.html
School of Medicine, Shahed University
Abstract:   (17011 Views)

Background and Objective: Curcumin exhibits antidiabetic and antioxidant effect and memory augmenting property. This study was done to evaluate the effect of its chronic administration on the learning and memory of diabetic rats.




Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups, i.e. control, curcumin-treated control (50 mg/kg), diabetic, and curcumin-treated diabetic groups (10 and 50 mg/kg). Curcumin was administered 7 days after streptozotocin injection for 5 weeks. For evaluation of learning and memory, passive avoidance and Y-maze tests were used. Level of malondialdehyde in hippocampus was also measured.




Results: STL significantly decreased in diabetic (p<0.01) and low-dose curcumin-treated diabetic (p<0.05) groups and this parameter was significantly higher in diabetic group receiving high-dose curcumin as compared to diabetics (p<0.05). Meanwhile, alternation percentage was significantly lower in diabetic group relative to control (p<0.05) and high-dose-treated diabetic group showed a significant increase in comparison with diabetic group (p<0.05). Meanwhile, high-dose curcumin significantly reduced level of MDA in diabetic group (p<0.05).




Conclusion: Chronic treatment with curcumin at a dose of 50 mg/kg could enhance the capability of consolidation and recall in diabetic animals and could improve short-term spatial memory in diabetic animals.

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Type of Study: Research |

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